Holloway & Whitehook in 1840

Link to a Tithe Map from 1840 showing the Ownership, Tenancy and extent of both Whitehook and Holloway Fach

https://places.library.wales/search/51.858/-4.79/14?alt=&page=1&refine=&query=Bletherston&sort=score&order=desc&rows=100&occupier_facet%5B%5D=Thomas+Martha&occupier_facet%5B%5D=John+Thomas

Bletherston Parish

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bletherston

https://www.genuki.org.uk/big/wal/PEM/Bletherston

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Bletherston in Pembrokeshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.

http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/4546

Holloway

Whitehook

https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/print/#zoom=14.26&lat=51.8663&lon=-4.7804&layers=171&b=1

5 Emigrate to United States

I have identified 5 descendants of John and Theodocia Nicholas of Whitehook, Bletherston, Pembrokeshire, Wales who emigrated to various parts of the United States between 1881 and 1913.

1881

1. Benjamin Lewis Nicholas (1856-1939)

Benjamin and his wife Margaret Beynon were the first members of the Nicholas family to emigrate to the USA in 1881.

Birth: 12 March 1856, Holloway, Penfford, Pembrokeshire, Wales

Marriage: Margaret BEYNON, 28thFebruary 1881, Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorganshire, England

Emigration: 7thApril 1881 (Age 25 years), Liverpool – New York, SS Bothnia

Death: 3 March 1939 (Age 82 years)Mason City, Custer County, Nebraska, United States

Note: Margaret’s older brother Edward Beynon had immigrated to Hyde Park, Scranton, PA, USA in about 1869 (Edward returned with his wife Elizabeth and 2 children in about 1876).

1892

2. John Nicholas THOMAS, 1869–1949

John Nicholas Thomas was Benjamin’s nephew (his mother was Benjamin’s sister Sarah and his father was Benjamin Thomas).

Birth: 28 March 1869, Whitland, Carmarthen, Wales

Emigration: 10 September 1892 (Age 23 years), Missouri via New York City, NY, United States

Marriage: Evie Mae Scrutchfield, 1900?, Wales?

Marriage: Ida Irene Scheuneman, 1903 (Age 33 years), Wales?

Death: 13 January 1949 (Age 79 years), Laclede County, Missouri, United States

Burial: 1949 (Age 79 years), Prosperine, Laclede, Missouri, United States of America

1895

3. Thomas John NICHOLAS 1875–

Thomas John Nicholas was also one of Benjamin’s nephews (his mother was Benjamin’s sister Martha who married Evan Nicholas of Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales ).

Birth: 18 October 1875 26 25, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales

Residence: 1881 (Age 5 years), 85, Baptist Well Street, Swansea (Town), Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales

Residence: 1891 (Age 15 years), Address: Pentre, St John, Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales

Emigration: 19 January 1895 (Age 19 years), Baltimore, Maryland, United States

Occupation: Metal (Copper) Inspector, , about 1910 (Age 34 years), Address: Laurel Hill, Queens, NY,USA

Employer: Phelps Dodge Co at Nichols Copper Co and Company

1897

4. John Bowen NICHOLAS, 1873–1950

Another of Benjamin’s nephews (his father was Benjamin’s brother Evan and his mother was Eleanor Bowen).

Birth: 28 June 1873 29, St Michaels, Pembrokeshire, Wales

Emigration: about 1897 (Age 23 years), CUMRO CUSTER COUNTY NEBRASKA, USA

Marriage: Elizabeth Marie Ghude, 3 March 1908 (Age 34 years), Otoe, Nebraska, United States

Military: WWI Draft, between 1917 and 1918 (Age 41 years), New York City no 55, Address: New York, United States

Residence: about 1917, (Age 41 years), Address: 77 Monitor St, Brooklyn, Kings, NY

Death: 9 January 1950 (Age 76 years), Summerfield Marshall County Kansas, USA

1913

5. William Evan NICHOLAS, 1887–

The younger brother of Thomas John Nicholas and one of Benjamin’s nephews (his mother was Benjamin’s sister Martha who married Evan Nicholas of Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales ).

Birth: about June 1887, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales

Emigration: June 14, 1913 (Age 26 years), Brooklyn, New York, NY, United States

Was Benjamin L. Nicholas apprenticed with Richard Phillips?

In the 1871 Census of England and Wales Benjamin’s occupation is listed as ‘Tailor’s apprentice’ but it gives no indication of who the tailor could have been.

Lower Holloway (Holloway Fach) – Benjamin Nicholas, 14, Tailor (Apprentice)

However recent investigations into the 1871 Census have identified a possible candidate – Richard Phillips.

Richard was born in New Moat in about 1830. In 1858 Richard married Hannah Nicholas who was born about 1838. Hannah’s Parents were Stephen NICHOLAS (B:1797 & probably John NICHOLAS’ younger brother) and Ann MORGANS. Which means than Hanah was probably Benjamin’s father’s cousin.

Hannah and Richard lived at Posty-draw which is a house, near Posty Farm, less than  a mile from Benjamin’s family home – Holloway Fach. In the same 1871 census Richard’s occupation is listed as Tailor (employing 1 man).

Posty – Richard Philips, 40, Tailor (employing 1 man)

I firmly believe that means that Benjamin was apprenticed with Richard who was married to his father’s cousin.

John N + Evie (Scrutchfield) + Ida Irene (Schuenemann) THOMAS

 John Nicholas Thomas


Birth: Mar. 28, 1869, Whitland, Carmarthenshire, Wales

Death: Jun. 13, 1949, Missouri, USA

Burial: Sugar Creek Cemetery, Moberly, Randolph County, Missouri, USA

Son of: Benjamin  Thomas (1827- )/Sarah Nicholas (1842- Married:  Evie Mae Scrutchfield


Evie Mae Scrutchfield


Birth: Jan. 21, 1877, Chariton County, Missouri, USA

Death: Feb. 5, 1901, Randolph County, Missouri, USA

Died 4 days after giving birth to Evie May Thomas, 15 days past her 24th birthday.

Burial:  Sugar Creek Cemetery, Moberly, Randolph County, Missouri, USA

Married:  Ida Irene Schernemann


Ida Irene Schernemann


Birth: 1870

Death: Sunday, June 3rd, 1934?

Burial:  Sugar Creek Cemetery, Moberly, Randolph County, Missouri, USA

United States Census, 1910

HOUSEHOLD
ROLE GENDER AGE BIRTHPLACE
John N Thomas Head M 41 Wales
Ida J Thomas Wife F 40 Missouri
Sarah Thomas Daughter F 6 Missouri
August Thomas Son M 5 Missouri
William Thomas Son M 3 Missouri
May Thomas Daughter F 9 Missouri

United States Census, 1930

HOUSEHOLD
ROLE GENDER AGE BIRTHPLACE
John N Thomas Head M 61 Wales
Ida I Thomas Wife F 60 Missouri
Sarah L Thomas Daughter F 26 Missouri
August B Thomas Son M 25 Missouri
William H Thomas Son M 23 Missouri
Martha E Thomas Daughter F 19 Missouri
Albert C Thomas Son M 16 Missouri

United States Census, 1940

HOUSEHOLD
ROLE
GENDER
AGE
BIRTHPLACE
John N Thomas Head M 71 South Wales
August B Thomas Son M 35 Missouri
William H Thomas Son M 33 Missouri
Martha E Thomas Daughter F 29 Missouri
Albert C Thomas Son M 26 Missouri
Laura E Thomas Daughter-in-law F 22 Missouri
Charles A Thomas Grandson M 3 Missouri

Lloyd George Nicholas 1916-2010

Lloyd George Nicholas was born Oct. 27, 1916, to John and Elizabeth (Guhde) Nicholas in Custer County, NE, USA. He died, at home, aged 93 on Aug. 28, 2010 ( Summerfield Marshall County KA, USA)


Family links:

Sibling: Lewis L. Nicholas (1918 – 2013)

Parents: John Bowen Nicholas (1873 – 1950) / Elizabeth Marie Ghude Nicholas (1884 – 1963)

Spouse: Dorothy Arlene (Breunsbach) Nicholas (1918 – 2013)

Born: Nov. 18, 1918

Died: Mar. 24, 2013 – Summerfield, Marshall County, Kansas, USA

Dorothy Arlene (Breunsbach) Nicholas 94 passed away March 22nd 2013 in her home. She was born November 18th 1918 to the parents of Francis and Nettie Breunsbach. Dorothy attended a one room country school up until eighth grade. Then she attended Summerfield High School and graduated in 1936. In 1940 Dorothy married Lloyd Nicholas and in 1941 Dorothy and Lloyd moved to Sarasota Florida. While living in Florida Dorothy worked at the Dime Store and Sears. In the 1950’s Dorothy and Lloyd moved back to Nebraska on a farm in Pawnee County. In 1952 Dorothy and Lloyd adopted their son Larry and in 1962 they adopted Alice. During the nineteen 50’s and 60’s Dorothy was a stay at home mom and helped her husband farm their ground. In 1983 Dorothy and Lloyd moved from their farm in Pawnee County NE to their current home in Summerfield K.S. In 1983 Dorothy became a grandma to her first granddaughter Kari and in 1992 came her grandson Steven. During 1990’s Dorothy and Lloyd retired from farming. Dorothy favorite hobbies and pastimes included baking, quilting, playing board games with her grandchildren and drinking coffee every morning with her friends at the Summerfield café. Dorothy was deeply involved in her church to where she was a Sunday school teacher for many years. Dorothy was also involved in Red Hat Club, State Line Club and Summerfield Senior Citizens Club. Dorothy was preceded in death by her parents Francis and Nettie, husband Lloyd Nicholas in August of 2010, son Larry Nicholas in April of 2010, grandson Nicholas Roberts, sister Ruby and Lester Russell, niece Maxine Rivera. Dorothy is survived by her daughter Alice( Rick) Weyer of Beatrice, NE, granddaughter Kari (Phil) Stewart of Lincoln, NE, grandsons Steven Roberts of Summerfield, KS, special friend,Kirby Jackson of Lincoln, NE. Services 10:00 a.m., Wednesday, March 27, 2013 at the Presbyterian Church, Summerfield, Kansas. Officiating Reverend Herb Schrader. Visitation on Tuesday, March 26, 2013 from Noon-8 p.m., family greeting friends from 6-7 p.m. at Wherry Mortuary, 919 G Street, Pawnee City, Nebraska. Interment at Mission Creek Cemetery, rural Liberty, Nebraska. Memorials to family choice.This is from Wherry Mortuary web site.

Family links:
Parents:
Francis D. Breunsbach (1885 – 1949)
Nettie May Breunsbach (1890 – 1990)
Spouse:
Lloyd George Nicholas (1916 – 2010)
Children:
Larry Dean Nicholas (1951 – 2010)

Lewis L Nicholas 1918-2013

Pedigree of Lewis L Nicholas (1918-2013)

Birth: Dec. 15, 1918 – Cumro, Custer County, Nebraska, USA
Death: Jun. 8, 2013, Pawnee City, Pawnee County, Nebraska, USA
Lewis L. Nicholas, 94 of Pawnee City passed away on Saturday, June 8, 2013 at the Pawnee Manor in Pawnee City, Nebraska. He was born on December 15, 1918 in Cumro, Nebraska. Lewis was born to immigrant parents John Bowen Nicholas and Elizabeth Marie Ghude. They both entered the U.S. through Ellis Island. John came in 1901 and Elizabeth in 1886. They met in Custer County and were married in 1908. They had 5 children Eleanor, Evan, Lloyd, Lewis and Doris. Due to his fathers poor health they left the ranch and moved near Summerfield, Kansas when Lewis was about 7 years old. Moving by train they brought a cow and some chickens with them.Lewis attended Summerfield School, graduating from 12th grade in 1936. He worked for area farmers until drafted in 1943. He was honorably discharged from the Navy in 1946 after serving in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. When asked why he choose the Navy he said he discussed it with his father. His father told him in the Navy, if you had a bed it would be a dry one.Lewis married Thelma Babcock on June 1st of 1946. They had 3 children Wanda Rae, John Benjamin and Norma Jean.The first 5 years of marriage they lived on a farm 5 miles west of Summerfield, Kansas. They moved to Pawnee County and farmed west of town moving to Pawnee City in 1979. Lewis also worked at the Beatrice State Development Center in Beatrice while farming.When Lewis was 12 years old he got his first bicycle by trading a calf for it. His dad had given him permission for the trade. Lewis was blessed with a fantastic memory to the very end. If you ever needed anything, he could tell you what building it would be in and on what hook or nail and what was lined beside it.He knew the year everyone was born starting with his parents and siblings, his wife’s parents and siblings. He knew when all the spouses and children were born. Adding to the list he knew when all of his grandchildren and great grands were born. As well he knew the year many friends were born.

Lewis had a great love of saddle horses. He thoughtfully named each one. One horse’s name was combined with parts of the names of his children. That horse was John Wan Jean. He had a 50/50 deal with his son, J.B. would feed them and Lewis would look at them. He let the last horse go about 3 years ago.

He was preceded in death by his parents, John and Elizabeth Nicholas, sister Eleanor, brothers, Lloyd & Evan. He is survived by his wife and children, grandchildren, great grandchildren and a sister Doris.

Funeral services were June 11, 2013 in Pawnee City, Nebraska with inurnment in the Pawnee City Cemetery, Pawnee City, Nebraska.

Family links:
Parents:
John Bowen Nicholas (1873 – 1950)
Elizabeth Marie Ghude Nicholas (1884 – 1963)

Spouse:
Thelma Marie Babcock Nicholas (1928 – 2014)*

Sibling:
Lloyd George Nicholas (1916 – 2010)*
Lewis L. Nicholas (1918 – 2013)

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Pawnee City Cemetery Pawnee City, Pawnee County, Nebraska, USA
Created by: Luella Hinrichsen /Record added: Jan 31, 2014/ Find A Grave Memorial# 124419875
Birth: Jan. 23, 1928 Table Rock, Pawnee County, Nebraska, USA
Death: Apr. 18, 2014 Lincoln, Lancaster County, Nebraska, USA
Thelma married Lewis Nicholas on June 1, 1946. They are the parents of Wanda, John & Norma.

Family links:
Parents:
August J. Babcock (1882 – 1956)
Bertha Alice Burgett Babcock (1892 – 1970)Spouse:
Lewis L. Nicholas (1918 – 2013)Siblings:
Infant Daughter Babcock (____ – 1918)**
Zelma Zeola Babcock Amsberry (1907 – 1983)**
Thelma Marie Babcock Nicholas (1928 – 2014)
Betty Jane Babcock Brown (1932 – 2015)**Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling

Burial:
Pawnee City Cemetery Pawnee City Pawnee County Nebraska, USA
Created by: Casscogirl/ Record added: Apr 19, 2014/ Find A Grave Memorial# 128203566

John B. Nicholas/Lizzie Guhde

1873

John Bowen Nicholas

Born: June 28 1873 (Tenby St. Mary Out Liberty, Pembroke 11a 843) in South Wales.

Father: Evan Nicholas
Born:~December 1843 in Bletherston, Pembrokeshire, Wales (Narberth 266 43)
Died:~March 1887 (age 42) (Pembroke 11a 663)

Mother: Eleanor Bowen
Born:~June 1851 in Pembrokeshire, Wales (Narberth 267 59)
Died: ~December 1872 (Narbeth 11a 1530)

1881 England, Wales & Scotland Census

Living with his parents and siblings at the family farm

Household Gender Age Birthplace
Head Evan Nicholas M 36 Wales
Wife Eleanor Nicholas F 30 Wales
Son John B Nicholas M 7 Wales
Son Mathias L Nicholas M 5 Wales
Daughter Martha A Nicholas F 3 Wales
Daughter Mary J Nicholas F 0 Wales

1891 England, Wales & Scotland Census

Grove Hill Farm House, Rose Valley, St Michael Pembroke, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales

Household Members

First name(s)  Last name       Relationship    Marital statusSex      Age      Birth year        Occupation      Birth place

Elenor  NicolasHead   WidowFemale41        1850    Farming          Pembrokeshire, Wales

John     NicolasSon      Single  Male    17        1874    Farmers Son    Pembrokeshire, Wales

Mathias           NicolasSon      Single  Male    15        1876    Farmers Son    Pembrokeshire, Wales

Martha A         NicolasDaughter         –           Female13        1878    ScholarPembrokeshire, Wales

Mary JNicolasDaughter         –           Female10        1881    Farmers Son    Pembrokeshire, Wales

Margaret         NicolasDaughter         –           Female7          1884    Farmers Son    Pembrokeshire, Wales

Elenor  NicolasDaughter         –           Female3          1888    –           Pembrokeshire, Wales

Anna    JenkinsServant            Single  Female18        1873    Domestic         Pembrokeshire, Wales

Lizzie Guhde

Name: Elizabeth (Lizzie) Marie Ghude Nicholas (1884 – 1963)

Born: ~August 1883, Germany

Immigration (to USA) : ~1886

United States Census, 1900

Name Lizzie Guhde
Event Type Census
Event Year 1900
Event Place Nebraska city Ward 4, Otoe, Nebraska, United States
Gender Female
Age 17
Marital Status Single
Race White
Race (Original) W
Relationship to Head of Household Daughter
Relationship to Head of Household (Original) Daughter
Birth Date Aug 1883
Birthplace Germany
1886
Father’s Birthplace Germany
Mother’s Birthplace Germany
HOUSEHOLD
ROLE
GENDER
AGE
BIRTHPLACE
Fredrick Guhde Head M 51 Germany
Emilie Guhde Wife F 47 Germany
Fred Guhde Son M 22 Germany
Max Guhde Son M 20 Germany
Lizzie Guhde Daughter F 17 Germany
Morry Guhde Daughter F 14 Nebraska
Minnie Guhde Daughter F 13 Nebraska
Emma Guhde Daughter F 9 Nebraska
Emilie Guhde Daughter F 5 Nebraska

In 1901 John emigrated to Nebraska, USA

In 1908 he Married Lizzie M. M. Guhde

John B. Nicholas and Lizzie M. M. Guhde, 03 Mar 1908.
Age: 34
Spouse’s Name: Lizzie M. M. Guhde
Spouse’s Birth Date: 1885
Spouse’s Birthplace: Otoe, Neb.
Spouse’s Age: 23
Event Date: 03 Mar 1908
Event Place: Otoe, Nebraska
Father’s Name:
Mother’s Name:
Spouse’s Father’s Name:
Spouse’s Mother’s Name:
Race: White
Marital Status: Unknown
Previous Wife’s Name:
Spouse’s Race: White
Spouse’s Marital Status: Single
Spouse’s Previous Husband’s Name:
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M00320-8 System Origin: Nebraska-EASy GS Film number: 1977803 Reference ID: Source:”Nebraska, Marriages, 1855-1995,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X5Z1-45H : accessed 15 Jan 2014),

United States Census, 1910

Name B John Nicholas
Event Type Census
Event Date 1910
Event Place Elk Creek, Custer, Nebraska, United States
Gender Male
Age 36
Marital Status Married
Race White
Race (Original) White
Relationship to Head of Household Head
Relationship to Head of Household (Original) Head
Birth Year (Estimated) 1874
Birthplace England
Immigration Year 1901
Father’s Birthplace England
Mother’s Birthplace England
Sheet Letter A
Sheet Number 7
Household
Role
Sex
Age
Birthplace
B John Nicholas Head M 36 England
Lizzie Nicholas Wife F 25 Germany

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:ML49-ZXB : accessed 4 April 2018), B John Nicholas, Elk Creek, Custer, Nebraska, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 79, sheet 7A, family 133, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 841; FHL microfilm 1,374,854.

United States Census, 1920

Name John B Nicholas
Event Type Census
Event Year 1920
Event Place Elk Creek, Custer, Nebraska, United States
Gender Male
Age 46
Marital Status Married
Race White
Race (Original) White
Can Read Yes
Can Write Yes
Relationship to Head of Household Head
Relationship to Head of Household (Original) Head
Own or Rent Own
Birth Year (Estimated) 1874
Birthplace Wales
Immigration Year 1901
Father’s Birthplace Wales
Mother’s Birthplace Wales
HOUSEHOLD
ROLE
GENDER
AGE
BIRTHPLACE
John B Nicholas Head M 46 Wales
Lizzie Nicholas Wife F 35 Nebraska
Evan Nicholas Son M 8 Nebraska
Eleanor Nicholas Daughter F 7 Nebraska
Lloydd Nicholas Son M 3 Nebraska
Lewis Nicholas Son M 1 Nebraska

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MCVG-LMC : accessed 17 November 2015), John B Nicholas, Elk Creek, Custer, Nebraska, United States; citing sheet 7A, family 130, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,820,985.

United States Census, 1930

Name John B Nickolls
Event Type Census
Event Date 1930
Event Place Mission Creek, Pawnee, Nebraska, United States
Gender Male
Age 56
Marital Status Married
Race White
Race (Original) White
Relationship to Head of Household Head
Relationship to Head of Household (Original) Head
Birth Year (Estimated) 1874
Birthplace England
Immigration Year 1901
Father’s Birthplace England
Mother’s Birthplace England
Sheet Letter A
Sheet Number 6
Household
Role
Sex
Age
Birthplace
John B Nickolls Head M 56 England
Elizabeth M Nickolls Wife F 45 Germany
Evin B Nickolls Son M 19 Nebraska
Eleanor A Nickolls Daughter F 17 Nebraska
Lloyd G Nickolls Son M 13 Nebraska
Lewis L Nickolls Son M 11 Nebraska
Doris Nickolls Daughter F 5 Nebraska

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XQ24-89B : accessed 4 April 2018), John B Nickolls, Mission Creek, Pawnee, Nebraska, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 6, sheet 6A, line 41, family 117, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1289; FHL microfilm 2,341,024.

United States Census, 1940

Name John B Nicholas
Event Type Census
Event Date 1940
Event Place St. Bridget Township, Marshall, Kansas, United States
Gender Male
Age 66
Marital Status Married
Race (Original) White
Race White
Relationship to Head of Household (Original) Head
Relationship to Head of Household Head
Birthplace England
Birth Year (Estimated) 1874
Last Place of Residence Rural, Pawnee, Nebraska
HOUSEHOLD
ROLE
GENDER
AGE
BIRTHPLACE
John B Nicholas Head M 66 England
Elizabeth M Nicholas Wife F 55 Germany
Lloyd G Nicholas Son M 23 Nebraska
Doris E Nicholas Daughter F 15 Nebraska

Death:

Birth: Jun. 28, 1873
Death: Jan. 9, 1950
Family links:
Spouse:
Elizabeth Marie Ghude Nicholas (1884 – 1963)*
Children:
Lloyd George Nicholas (1916 – 2010)*
Lewis L. Nicholas (1918 – 2013)*
Burial:
Summerfield Cemetery
Summerfield
Marshall County
Kansas, USA

Buckshot (Bucksnort?) Creek, Pottawatomie County, Kansas

This brochure encourages the purchase of land twenty miles either side of the Central Branch Union Pacific Railroad. The Central Branch Union Pacific Railroad lies primarily from Atchison to Concordia and north. There is a full map of the area on the reverse side of the brochure. Also included are brief descriptions of Marshall, Brown, Jackson, Riley, Pottawatomie and Nemaha counties. There is a drawing of the Blue Rapids Woolen Mills and power plant.

Creator: Union Pacific Railroad, Central Branch
Date: January 1880

This handbook was published by the Modern Argo, Kansas City, for potential immigrants to Pottawatomie and Riley counties in Kansas. A short description of Davis County is also included. This pamphlet encouraged agricultural settlement by extolling the virtues of this ‘beautiful Kansas (river) valley’. Crops grown in the area included corn, wheat, oats, and rye. A number of stock farms, such as Juniatta Stock Farm and Woodside Stock Farm, are described in the booklet. The booklet contains information about dairying operations and orchards. There are descriptions of the towns of Manhattan (including the State Agricultural College), Wamego, Louisville, Westmoreland, Milford, and Belvue. Some illustrations of farms and businesses are also included.

Date: Between 1880 and 1889

Pottawatomie page on Familysearch.org

William L NICHOLAS

ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26,1950

Impending Loss of Job Possible motive for Professor’s Shooting – PERU, Neb., April 26.

For 24 years, Dr. Barney K Baker, 64, had taught on the beautiful “campus of the thousand oaks” at Peru State Teachers College. ‘Yesterday the new college catalog came out. it revealed publicly for the first time what Dr. Baker had Known since last fail—that he was being dropped in a reorganization of the school’s department of education. The catalog, said County Attorney Fred C. Klechel, may have been the trigger that sent the professor walking wordlessly into the offices of the college president and head of the education department to kill them at their desks. Slain were Dr. William L. Nicholas, 48, president of the college since 1948, and Dr. Paul A, Maxwell head of the education department head and Dr. Baker’s immediate superior, Less than an hour later, Baker’s body was found In the living room of his home at the edge of the campus. Neatly laid out were his keys, with pieces of paper to identify them, and a typewritten note with Instructions for disposal of the body, Tacked to the front doorbell Was another note: “Tell Prof, (C. A.) Huck(mathematics teacher at the college) to take charge.” Scribbled at the bottom of the typewritten note was the apparent tipoff to the motive: “Willie (the college president) tried to fire the wrong person.” Klechel called it “obviously a double murder and suicide” and said there would be no Inquest. He said the slayings were “pre- meditated” and Dr. Baker apparently prepared his notes In advance of the slayings. Lending credence to the premeditation theory was the professor’s behavior just before the shootings. Waiting to see Dr. Nicholas, he traded small talk with two representatives of an Omaha typewriter company, also waiting. There wns no sign of fury. Mary Louise Smith, Dr. Maxwell’s secretary, said she looked up as Dr. Baker entered. “I asked if there was anything I could do for him,” she said. “I was too late. Dr. Maxwell was sitting at his desk reading. He did not see who came In. Dr. Baker had the gun at his head as I spoke. He didn’t say anything. I think there were two or three shots. “Dr. Baker just walked across the hall to his own office, put on his hat and coat and left. I ran out screaming.” Classes halted abruptly at the school, a state owned institution with about 400 students In a town of about 1000 persons. They were resumed today but the week’s extra curricular activities — a track meet, a senior’s violin recital, a career conference for prospective teachers and a meeting ot the southeast Nebraska Schoolman’s association—were called off. Dean R. A. Qelle was named acting president.

Tragedy at Peru State College: The Murders of William Nicholas and Paul  Maxwell. Full Citation: Nancy Handy Moran, “Tragedy at Peru State College: The Murders of William Nicholas and Paul Maxwell,” Nebraska History 69 (1988): 131-141.

LINK to original article